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Theo cac chuyen gia san phu khoa, benh viem am dao

Theo nhung bac si chuyen khoa san phu khoa, bi viem am dao la benh phu khoa nu co ty le bi nhieu nhat o phu nu. Benh viem am dao de chua, nhung lai vo cung kho tri triet de, thuong hay tai phat, dai dang. Bai viet sau day se cung cap kien thuc chi tiet nhat ve chung benh nay giup nu chu dong hon trong viec chua va ngan ngua benh.

mot. Benh viem am dao la gi?
bi viem am dao la gi?

dot viem lo tuyen co tu cung bao nhieu tien

chi phi that ong dan trung

kham u xo tu cung o dau

dot viem lo tuyen co tu cung o dau tot

benh vien da khoa thai ha

benh viem nhiem am dao (hay con goi la nhiem trung am dao) la tinh trang "co be" mac sung viem dan toi tiet nhieu dich, dan den cam giac ngua cung nhu dau do mot so can nguyen nhu vi rut, nam xam nhap hoac suy nhuoc nong muc do estrogen sau man kinh, bien doi tai da‿

Hinh anh benh viem am daoHinh anh benh viem nhiem am dao

nhung nguoi nao co the mac viem am dao?

Theo Thay thuoc uu tu, bac si chuyen khoa Nguyen Hong Hai (Nguyen PGD benh vien cong lap Dong y Hoa Binh), viem am dao la can benh phu khoa rat thuong gap ma bat ky chi em phu nu nao cung co nguy co gap phai. Hien thuc, hau het chi em nao cung viem am dao trong cuoc doi. De mac bi viem am dao thuong la nu trong lua tuoi sinh con, nhat la nhung nguoi da tung giao hop tinh duc, phai dep dang co thai cung voi ca cac nu gioi chua "yeu" tinh duc cung co kha nang mac benh viem nhiem am dao.

2. 4 Dang viem nhiem am dao pho bien
viem nhiem am dao gom cac kieu chinh duoi day:

benh viem nhiem am dao boi vi khuan: Day la hien tuong virus co hai phat trien qua muc cung voi lan at vi khuan co loi, Do do, dan toi roi loan he vi sinh cua am dao va dan den viem nhiem.
bi nhiem nam men: thuong hay vi nam Candida Albicans dan toi.
benh viem nhiem am dao boi Trichomonasis: gay do vi khuan Trichomonasis cung voi thuong lay lan qua duong tinh duc khong su dung bao cao su.
viem nhiem am dao khong nhiem trung: dung nhung loai xit thom cho kin, xa phong thom, hon hop rua ray co chat hoa hoc cung nhu cac san pham diet tinh trung co nguy co dan toi di ung hoac tac dung phu tai am ho. Ngoai ra, cac vat la nhu coc nguyet san, tampon, giay ve sinh con sot lai trong am ho cung co kha nang gay kich ung mot so mo am ho.
3. Nguyen nhan gay ra viem nhiem am dao
nu can thiet biet ly do nao da gay ra tinh trang viem am daoChi em nhat thiet biet ly boi vi nao da tung dan den hien tuong viem am dao

do viem nhiem

can nguyen la boi vi su mat can bang ve so luong vi rut o am dao, doi voi qua trinh suy giam cua loi khuan Lactobacillus cung voi su phat trien cua nhung vi rut co hai. So luong hai khuan tang vot va xam nhap am ho gay nen hien tuong nhiem trung.

bi nhiem nam men

Candida la 1 dang nam men co hinh tron hay bau duc, co kich co nho chi tam 2-5 µm. Loai nam nay thuong hay duoc tim ra o duong sinh san cua chi em nhu niem mac "co be", am dao‿ cung nhu tai dieu kien thuong chung se khong gay nen hai. Nhung, khi moi truong am ho mac bien doi, kieu nam men nay phat trien manh cung voi gay ra mot so dau hieu nhan biet viem nhiem o vung kin cua chi em phu nu.

bi viem am dao do lay nhiem vi khuan Trichomonas

trung roi Trichomonas la 1 loai trung roi thuong hay ky sinh tai am dao, khi hu cung nhu o nhung nep nhan o bo phan sinh san. Mat khac, chung con duoc tim ra tai cac bo phan khong giong nhu tu cung, voi trung‿ nguyen nhan lay nhiem ky sinh trung nay chu yeu la do qua nhung con duong quan he tinh duc khong an toan hoac do nguon nuoc sinh hoat mac o nhiem cung co kha nang lam cho vi rut tham nhap co quan sinh san dan toi benh viem nhiem khu vuc kin.

4. Nhan to gia tang kha nang mac viem am dao
nhung nguyen nhan gay benh viem nhiem am dao nhu vi rut, nam, ky sinh trung... Thong qua rat nhieu con duong de tan cong, tru ngu va tien trien tai am ho. Trong so do can phai ke den cac nhan to kha nang duoi day:

rua ray kem

ve sinh khu vuc kin sai cach, khong dam bao sach, khu vuc kin luon trong hien tuong uot at... Dac biet la trong cac ngay “den do”, truoc hay sau luc "lam tran" tinh duc se tao thoi co thuan loi cho vi rut co hai phat trien cung voi gay ra hien tuong nhiem trung.

thuc hien phau thuat o cho kin

nu da lam nhung thu thuat nhu nao hut thai, dat khoang phong tranh thai, tieu phau da con trong dieu kien khong dam bao, nhung thiet bi may moc lac hau,... Cung lam cho tang kha nang nhiem trung am ho.

thay doi noi tiet to phu nu

tinh trang mat can bang noi tiet to phai dep lam giam he mien dich cua co the lam cho virus co hai sinh soi va tien trien manh me, cong them vi khuan o ngoai xam nhap gay ra bien doi moi truong am ho. Boi vi the, phu nu luc co thai cung nhu sau sinh, phai dep tien tat kinh co ti le bi bi viem am dao cuc ky cao.

quan he tinh duc khong su dung bao cao su

van de "lam tran" tinh duc khong su dung bao cao su, "lam chuyen ay" voi nhieu ban tinh‿ vo cung de lay lan ky sinh trung Trichomonas – tac nhan dan den viem nhiem am dao, Mat khac tang kha nang mac mot so benh hoa lieu nhu giang mai, benh lau, benh mong ga, mun rop sinh duc bo phan sinh san...

lay thuoc khang sinh Trong thoi gian dai

Thuoc khang sinh thuong co chuc nang diet tru vi khuan co hai nhung ma Ben canh do diet luon ca vi rut co loi, khien mat can bang moi truong am ho, dan den mat can bang tac dung kiem che nam men.

5. Bieu hien benh viem nhiem am dao
dau hieu nhan biet benh viem am daoDau hieu nhan thay benh viem am dao

De biet ban than co benh viem nhiem am dao hay khong thi chi em co kha nang phat hien thong qua mot so dau hieu nhan biet sau day:

dich am dao ra khong binh thuong

dich am dao duoc cho la thuong thi Neu co mau trang trong nhu long trang trung ga, hoi dinh cung nhu dai. Dich am dao thuong hay tiet ra cao hon dang nhap mot so khoang thoi gian nhu mang thai, truoc va sau nhung ngay kinh nguyet. Nhung ma, Neu ma khong can phai trong tam thoi diem do ma thay cac dau hieu nhan biet roi loan cua dich am dao nhu: ra rat nhieu dich am dao co mui hoi, khi hu co mau trang duc, vang, xanh, nau... Thi cuc ky co the day la trieu chung viem am dao.

"co be" co mui hoi khong de chiu

ben canh thay doi khi hu, thi benh viem nhiem am dao con khien cho bo phan sinh duc cua nu thay mui hoi kho chiu. Tinh trang cang nang thi mui hoi cang them dien hinh, khien cho benh nhan mac cam cung voi xau ho luc ben trong hoan canh nay.

nong rat khi "yeu"

Day la mot trong nhung trieu chung dien hinh cua benh viem nhiem am dao. Mot so nguoi bi bi viem am dao thuong co cam giac dau buot trong khi "yeu". Vi nhung nguyen nhan viem nhiem khien cho "co be" mac ton thuong. The nen phu nu se nhan thay dau don va ngai quan he tinh duc luc gap phai can benh nay.

am dao ngua ngay

Day la bieu hien cua bi viem am dao xem la hay gap nhat. Tinh trang ngua "co be" xay ra boi vi cac tac nhan virus, nam, trung roi truc tiep gay ra. Nen luc chi em phu nu gap phai tinh trang nay thi vinh vien co nguy co nghi ngo bi viem nhiem am dao.

Tieu nong rat, di dai buot

tinh trang tieu rat benh dai buot cung de thuc hien nhan biet, do no dan toi nhieu kho chiu va rac roi trong cuoc song. Nhu chung ta da biet duong sinh duc va duong nieu dao toa lac lien ke nhau. Vi the luc am ho mac nhiem trung se de doa toi lo tieu, khien phai dep bi dau cung nhu nong rat khi di dai.

bi viem am dao con la tac nhan lam cho phu nu nhan thay dau rat dan den tieu dau don, di tieu buot, tieu nong rat moi lan di giai boi vi nuoc giai dinh vao khu vuc thuong ton, viem nhiem, lo loet.

xuat huyet ngoai chu ky

tinh trang chay mau am dao la canh bao do nguy hai cua viec viem nhiem dang o muc cuc ky nang ne. Khi nay nguoi benh yeu cau ngay cac co so y te de kiem tra va dieu tri mau chong. Khong nen mot so hau qua nguy hai co the dien ra voi suc khoe.

Ben canh do, Can cu vao loai viem nhiem ma cac trieu chung cua benh viem nhiem am dao se khong giong nhau. Trong truong hop bi viem am dao tien trien tram trong nguoi bi benh con bi phai nhung trieu chung nhu: sot, on lanh, co the met moi, sut can...

6. Mot so tai bien cua viem nhiem am dao
benh viem nhiem am dao dan den nhung bien chung nguy hai nao?Viem am dao gay ra nhung bien chung nguy hai nao?

viem am dao cung voi khong it benh ly phu khoa khac, Neu nhu khong nen tri som cung voi tan goc thi co the dan den nhieu hau qua nguy hiem anh huong toi sinh hoat, suc khoe, nhat la kha nang lam me cua nu gioi, cu the:

hien tuong nhiem trung tai "co be" Neu nhu khong tri tan goc se lay nhiem nguoc sang mot so co quan khac biet trong co quan sinh san cung voi gay viem nhiem o co tu cung, voi trung, buong trung, viem noi mac tu cung‿
nhung dau hieu nhan biet cua viem am dao nhu dich am dao tiet ra khong it, ngua, dau buot khi quan he‿ gay bat tien trong sinh hoat thuong ngay, lam cho chi em phu nu luon nhan thay xau ho, giam sut cam hung va ngai gan gui chong, khien cho chi phoi toi uy tin doi song chan goi.
Moi truong "co be" bien doi giam thieu chuc nang song sot cua tinh trung va ngan can tinh trung thay trung de thu tinh. Do do, lam giam kha nang mang thai, tang nguy co vo sinh hiem muon tai nu. Ngoai ra, phu nu mang thai viem nhiem am dao co nguy co chi phoi toi thai nhi, tuyet doi Neu sinh thuong hay thai nhi de mac viem da, viem phoi, viem ket mac mat hay mu loa.
tai bien dac biet cua bi viem am dao la co the dan den ung thu co tu cung Neu nhu xem thuong trong chua tri. Theo nghien cuu cua To chuc Y te The gioi, nhung nguoi co tien su bi benh phu khoa, gom co ca viem nhiem am dao co nguy co cao bi ung thu co da con cao gap 11 lan so voi nguoi thuong thi.
De han che mac phai cac tai bien nguy hiem, luc thay cac dau hieu nhan biet khong binh thuong phai dep nen di xet nghiem cung voi chua tri som. Tuyet nhien khong tu y mua thuoc hay tu tri se lam cho benh nang ne hon.

7. Mot so giai phap dieu tri benh viem am dao
7.1. Bien phap chan doan benh
cac giai phap lay de ket luan tinh trang benh viem nhiem am dao trong thoi gian hien taiMot so giai phap lay de ket luan hien tuong benh viem nhiem am dao trong thoi diem Bay gio

De tim tinh trang benh cung nhu nguyen do dan toi benh chinh xac, chuyen gia se de nghi khien cho mot so xet nghiem sau:

lay mau lam cho xet nghiem: chuyen gia co nguy co lay mau dich tiet da con hay am dao de tham kham cung voi chan doan nguyen nhan gay ra benh viem am dao.
thuc hien tham kham pH: chuyen gia co kha nang lay que thu hoac giay pH de kiem tra do pH am ho voi. Cap do pH tang cao co the la vi nhiem khuan am ho hoac boi vi trung roi trichomonas. Tuy nhien, chi kiem tra pH thi chua the dua ra quyet dinh chac han.
Phet dich am dao (kiem tra dich tiet am dao voi kinh hien vi) thuong duoc tien hanh de tim viem nhiem "co be" hay tang truong nam men, vi khuan. Trong mot so truong hop, cay huyet trang co the tim can nguyen gay nhiem trung.
Sinh thiet (xet nghiem do mo hoc) khu vuc bi kich thich tren am ho co kha nang duoc khuyen nghi Neu khong tim ra dau hieu cua nhiem trung.
7.2. Cach chua tri benh viem am dao
Sau khi tham kham, phong doan loai nguyen do dan den benh va tinh trang benh cu the, bac si se dua ra bien phap tri viem am dao khoa hoc.

dung thuoc

Thuoc chua la bien phap tri bi viem am dao dung cho truong hop benh nhe, khi moi co dau hieu nhan biet. Chuyen gia se ke don thuoc dang dung, thuoc thoa ngoai hay loai dat am ho co cong dung kim ham, phong ngua qua trinh phat trien cua vi khuan, nam, han che mot so bieu hien khong de chiu cua benh.

voi benh viem nhiem am dao boi vi virus hoac do nam candida thuong duoc chua tri bang thuoc khang khuan, khang nam hoac vien dat am dao.
voi mot so nguoi nhiem benh boi vi khuan Trichomonas, chuyen gia co the ke don thuoc vien nen metronidazole hay tinidazole.
Trong tinh huong viem am dao khong vi nhiem trung thi nu gioi se duoc luu y khong nen lay nhung san pham la nguyen nhan gay nen di ung, kich thich nhu xa phong, chat rua ve sinh, bang ve sinh‿

De viec chua tri viem am dao co huu hieu trong qua trinh su dung thuoc, chi em can tuan theo theo dung chi dan cua bac si, khong tu y mua thuoc ve tri boi se khong kho dan den mot so tac dung phu co hai cho co the‿ phu nu cung can phai chu y khong dung bia, ruou Trong khi su dung thuoc cho toi 72h sau khi su dung thuoc.

nhung giai phap chua benh viem am dao huu hieu dang duoc khong it phai dep lua chon thuc hienNhung phuong phap tri benh viem am dao hieu qua dang duoc nhieu chi em chon lua thuc hien

chua benh viem am dao voi cac phuong thuoc dan gian

tai giai doan dau cua benh nu co the dung nhung bai thuoc dan gian tu trau khong, tra xanh, nuoc muoi loang, toi... De giup sat khuan, khang viem cung nhu suy giam dau hieu nhan biet benh.

tuy nhien, chung chi co tac dung luc phai dep mac benh viem am dao dang nhe. Va bien phap nay chi duoc coi nhu 1 dang nuoc rua am dao co cong dung khang khuan tai vung chu khong dieu tri dut diem ban khoan.

Chinh vi vay, nu gioi khong nen dung giai phap nay ma bo quen nhung giai phap dieu tri khac. Viec nay se khien cho benh nang ne them. Vi the, phai dep nen den nhung co so y te chuyen khoa de xet nghiem cung nhu dieu tri kip thoi tranh de benh nang ne gay nen hau qua nguy hiem toi suc khoe.

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