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Benh viem phu khoa

Theo nhung bac si san phu khoa, viem am dao la benh phu khoa nu co ty le bi khong it nhat tai nu gioi. Bi viem am dao de chua tri, song lai cuc ky kho khan dieu tri vinh vien, thuong quay tro lai, dai dang. Bai viet bai viet nay se cung cap kien thuc chi tiet nhat ve chung benh nay giup cho chi em chu dong hon trong viec chua tri cung nhu phong ngua benh.

1. Benh viem am dao la gi?
viem nhiem am dao la gi?

phong kham phu khoa ha noi

di kham phu khoa

kham phu khoa nu

mo u xo tu cung het bao nhieu tien

chi phi kham phu khoa

cac phong kham da khoa uy tin tai ha noi

cham kinh 10 ngay lieu co thai khong

U xo tu cung co mang thai duoc khong da khoa thai ha

bi viem am dao (hay con goi la viem nhiem am dao) la hien tuong "co be" mac sung viem gay ra tiet khong it dich, gay cam thay ngua ngay va dau don do nhung tac nhan nhu vi rut, nam tham nhap hay giam sut nong muc do estrogen sau man kinh, bien doi tai da‿

Hinh anh benh viem am daoHinh anh viem am dao

nhung ai co kha nang bi viem am dao?

Theo Thay thuoc uu tu, bac si Nguyen Hong Hai (Nguyen PGD benh vien da khoa Dong y Hoa Binh), viem nhiem am dao la can benh phu khoa cuc ky hay bat gap ma bat cu phai dep nao cung co the mac phai. Thuc te, hau het phu nu nao cung benh viem am dao trong cuoc doi. Khong kho bi viem nhiem am dao thuong hay la chi em trong do tuoi co con, dac biet la cac co the da tung "yeu" tinh duc, nu dang mang bau va ca cac phu nu chua giao hop tinh duc cung co nguy co mac benh viem nhiem am dao.

2. 4 Dang viem nhiem am dao thuong gap
benh viem am dao gom co mot so kieu chu yeu duoi day:

bi viem am dao vi vi khuan: Day la tinh trang vi khuan co hai phat trien cung nhu lan at vi rut co loi, Do do, gay nen mat can bang he vi sinh cua am ho va gay nhiem trung.
lay nhiem nam men: thuong boi vi nam Candida Albicans gay nen.
viem am dao vi Trichomonasis: dan den boi vi vi khuan Trichomonasis cung nhu thuong hay lay truyen qua quan he tinh duc khong duoc bao ve.
bi viem am dao khong lay nhiem trung: lay mot so kieu xit thom vung kin, xa phong thom, hon hop rua ray co chat hoa hoc cung voi mot so san pham diet tinh trung co kha nang dan toi di ung hay tac dung phu tai "co be". Ben canh do, mot so vat la nhu coc nguyet san, tampon, giay ve sinh con sot lai trong am ho cung co the gay kich thich mot so mo am dao.
3. Tac nhan gay viem nhiem am dao
phai dep can thiet biet ly boi vi nao da tung gay ra hien tuong viem am daoChi em can phai biet ly vi nao tung dan den hien tuong viem am dao

vi viem nhiem

can nguyen la boi vi su roi loan ve so luong vi rut tai "co be", voi su suy giam cua loi khuan Lactobacillus cung voi su tang sinh cua mot so vi rut co hai. Luong hai khuan tang vot cung nhu tham nhap am dao gay tinh trang viem nhiem.

bi nhiem nam men

Candida la 1 kieu nam men co hinh tron hay bau duc, co kich thuoc nho chi tam khoang 2-5 µm. Loai nam nay thuong duoc tim thay tai duong sinh san cua phai dep nhu niem mac "co be", am dao‿ cung nhu tai dieu kien thuong chung se khong gay nen hai. Nhung, luc moi truong am dao bi thay doi, dang nam men nay tien trien manh cung nhu dan den mot so bieu hien nhiem trung o khu vuc kin cua chi em phu nu.

viem am dao do nhiem vi khuan Trichomonas

vi khuan Trichomonas la 1 kieu ky sinh trung thuong hay ky sinh o am dao, huyet trang va o nhung nep nhan o co quan sinh duc. Mat khac, chung con duoc tim thay tai mot so co quan khac nhu tu cung, voi trung‿ tac nhan bi nhiem trung roi nay chu yeu la vi qua duong giao hop tinh duc khong duoc bao ve hoac do nguon nuoc sinh hoat bi o nhiem cung co the khien cho vi rut tham nhap co quan sinh duc gay nen benh nhiem trung khu vuc kin.

4. Yeu to gia tang nguy co mac bi viem am dao
nhung nguyen do dan den viem nhiem am dao nhu vi khuan, nam, vi khuan... Thong qua nhieu con duong de tham nhap, tru ngu cung nhu tien trien o am dao. Trong do can phai noi den mot so nhan to nguy co duoi day:

rua ray yeu

rua ray khu vuc kin khong dung giai phap, khong giu gin sach, vung kin luon trong hien tuong uot at... Dac biet la trong cac ngay “den do”, truoc hay sau luc "yeu" tinh duc se tao co hoi thuan tien cho vi khuan co hai tien trien cung nhu gay hien tuong nhiem trung.

tien hanh phau thuat tai cho kin

chi em phu nu da tung thuc hien cac thu thuat nhu nao hut pha thai, dat vong tranh thai, phau thuat da con trong dieu kien khong giu gin, mot so co so vat chat lac hau,... Cung khien cho tang nguy co nhiem trung am ho.

bien doi noi tiet to phu nu

tinh trang roi loan noi tiet to chi em phu nu han che suc de khang cua co the lam cho virus co hai sinh soi cung voi tien trien manh me, cong them vi khuan phia ngoai tan cong dan toi bien doi moi truong "co be". Do do, phai dep luc co bau va sau sinh, chi em tien het kinh co so truong hop bi benh viem am dao cuc ky cao.

giao hop tinh duc khong duoc bao ve

viec "lam tran" tinh duc khong duoc bao ve, "lam chuyen ay" voi khong it ban tinh‿ vo cung de lay lan trung roi Trichomonas – tac nhan dan toi viem am dao, Ngoai ra tang kha nang bi mot so benh xa hoi nhu giang mai, lau, benh mong ga, mun rop sinh duc co quan sinh san...

lay thuoc khang sinh Trong luc dai

Thuoc khang sinh thuong co cong dung tieu diet virus co hai tuy vay Ngoai ra diet luon ca vi khuan co loi, lam cho thay doi moi truong am ho, dan toi roi loan tac dung tu chu nam men.

5. Trieu chung benh viem am dao
dau hieu benh viem am daoDau hieu nhan thay viem nhiem am dao

De biet chinh minh co viem am dao hoac khong thi chi em phu nu co kha nang nhan biet thong qua nhung dau hieu sau day:

huyet trang ra that thuong

khi hu duoc cho la thong thuong Neu ma co mau trang trong nhu long trang trung ga, hoi dinh cung nhu dai. Huyet trang thuong hay tiet ra ton kem hon vao mot so khoang thoi gian nhu co bau, truoc cung voi sau chu ky kinh. Nhung ma, Neu nhu khong can phai trong tam khoang thoi gian do ma thay mot so dau hieu thay doi cua dich am dao nhu: ra nhieu dich am dao thay mui hoi, khi hu co mau trang duc, vang, xanh, nau... Thi vo cung co nguy co day la dau hieu nhan biet benh viem am dao.

"co be" co mui hoi khong de chiu

ben canh thay doi khi hu, thi bi viem am dao con lam cho bo phan sinh duc cua nu thay mui hoi khong de chiu. Tinh trang cang nang ne thi mui hoi cang them dac trung, khien cho benh nhan tu ti cung voi e ngai khi phia trong hoan canh nay.

nong rat luc quan he

Day la mot trong so cac trieu chung dien hinh cua bi viem am dao. Mot so co the mac viem am dao thuong hay co cam giac dau buot trong khi "yeu". Boi mot so nguyen nhan viem nhiem lam cho am dao bi thuong ton. Vay nen chi em phu nu se co cam giac cam giac dau cung nhu ngai quan he tinh duc khi mac phai benh nay.

"co be" ngua ngay

Day la dau hieu nhan biet cua bi viem am dao coi la thuong thay nhat. Tinh trang ngua "co be" tiep dien boi nhung can nguyen vi rut, nam, trung roi thang gay nen. Can phai luc phu nu gap phai tinh trang nay thi triet de co kha nang nghi ngo bi viem nhiem am dao.

Tieu bong rat, tieu buot

tinh trang tieu rat tieu buot cung de thuc hien phat hien, boi vi no gay khong it kho chiu cung voi rac roi trong doi song. Nhu chung ta tung biet duong sinh san va duong nieu dao nam lien ke nhau. Vi the luc am ho bi viem nhiem se nguy hiem den nieu dao, lam cho nu bi dau don cung voi rat buot luc di tieu.

viem nhiem am dao con la nguyen do lam cho nu gioi cam thay nong rat gay tieu dau, di tieu buot, tieu rat buot nhung khi tieu tien vi nuoc dai dinh vao dia diem thuong ton, viem nhiem, lo loet.

chay mau ben ngoai chu ky

hien tuong xuat huyet am dao la canh bao cap do nguy hai cua van de nhiem trung dang tai muc vo cung tram trong. Khi nay benh nhan yeu cau ngay nhung dia diem y te de kiem tra cung voi tri nhanh chong. Tranh cac hau qua nguy hiem co kha nang xay ra voi suc khoe.

Ben canh do, Can cu vao dang viem nhiem ma mot so dau hieu cua viem nhiem am dao se khong giong nhau. Trong tinh huong bi viem am dao tien trien nang nguoi bi benh con gap phai mot so dau hieu nhu: sot, on lanh, nguoi met moi, sut can...

6. Nhung hau qua cua bi viem am dao
benh viem nhiem am dao gay ra cac hau qua nguy hiem nao?Viem am dao dan toi mot so hau qua nguy hiem nao?

viem nhiem am dao cung voi nhieu can benh phu khoa khac, Neu cho nen tri kip thoi cung nhu tan goc thi co kha nang gay khong it tai bien nguy hiem de doa den sinh hoat, suc khoe, dac biet la chuc nang lam me cua phu nu, cu the:

hien tuong nhiem trung tai "co be" Neu ma khong chua vinh vien se lay nguoc sang cac co quan khac trong co quan co con cung voi gay nhiem trung tai co tu cung, voi trung, buong trung, viem noi mac tu cung‿
cac dau hieu cua viem nhiem am dao nhu dich am dao tiet ra rat nhieu, ngua ngay, dau buot khi quan he‿ gay ra tro ngai trong sinh hoat thuong ngay, khien cho chi em luon nhan thay mac cam, suy giam hung thu cung voi ngai gan gui ong xa, khien cho anh huong toi tin cay chuyen chan goi.
Moi truong am dao roi loan giam thieu chuc nang song sot cua tinh binh va ngan can tinh trung bat gap trung de thu thai. Boi vi the, han che chuc nang co con, tang nguy co vo sinh hiem muon tai nu. Mat khac, thai phu bi viem am dao co the anh huong toi bao thai, dac biet Neu nhu sinh thuong bao thai de mac viem da, viem phoi, viem ket mac mat hay mu mat.
tai bien dac biet cua viem am dao la co kha nang gay ra ung thu co tu cung Neu nhu coi nhe trong chua. Theo tim hieu cua To chuc Y te The gioi, mot so nguoi co tien su mac benh phu nu, gom ca benh viem nhiem am dao co kha nang cao bi ung thu co tu cung cao gap 11 lan so doi voi co the thong thuong.
De han che mac phai nhung hau qua nguy hai, luc xuat hien mot so trieu chung that thuong phai dep nen di tham kham cung voi dieu tri kip thoi. Tuyet doi khong tu y mua thuoc hay tu chua tri se khien cho benh nang ne hon.

7. Nhung cach chua bi viem am dao
7.1. Cach phong doan benh
mot so phuong phap su dung de ket luan tinh trang benh viem nhiem am dao trong khoang thoi gian hien taiMot so giai phap su dung de ket luan hien tuong benh viem nhiem am dao trong thoi gian Hien tai

De xac dinh tinh trang benh cung voi can nguyen gay nen benh chinh xac, bac si chuyen khoa se de nghi lam mot so tham kham sau:

dung mau lam cho xet nghiem: bac si co nguy co lay mau dich tiet da con hay "co be" de kiem tra va phong doan nguyen do dan toi benh viem am dao.
tien hanh xet nghiem pH: chuyen gia co nguy co lay que thu hoac giay pH de xet nghiem muc do pH am ho bang. Muc do pH gia tang co the la boi vi nhiem khuan am dao hay boi vi vi khuan trichomonas. Tuy vay, chi xet nghiem pH thi khong the dua ra y muon chac han.
Phet dich tiet am dao (kiem tra dich tiet am dao voi kinh hien vi) thuong hay duoc lam de tim viem nhiem am ho hay tang truong nam men, vi khuan. Trong 1 ty le, cay dich am dao co the xac dinh nguyen nhan gay nhiem trung.
Sinh thiet (xet nghiem do mo hoc) co so bi kich ung tren "co be" co nguy co duoc khuyen nghi Neu ma khong tim thay dau hieu nhan biet cua viem nhiem.
7.2. Giai phap tri benh viem nhiem am dao
Sau luc xet nghiem, phong doan dang nguyen do dan toi benh cung nhu benh tinh cu the, bac si se dua ra phuong phap tri viem am dao phu hop.

lay thuoc

Thuoc chua tri la cach chua viem nhiem am dao ap dung cho truong hop benh nhe, luc moi co trieu chung. Bac si chuyen khoa se ke don thuoc kieu su dung, thuoc xoa ngoai hoac kieu dat "co be" co tac dung kim ham, phong chong su phat trien cua vi rut, nam, lam giam mot so dau hieu nhan biet khong de chiu cua benh.

doi voi viem nhiem am dao boi vi virus hoac do nam candida thuong duoc tri bang thuoc khang khuan, khang nam hoac vien dat "co be".
voi cac co the bi benh do vi khuan Trichomonas, bac si chuyen khoa co nguy co ke don thuoc vien nen metronidazole hoac tinidazole.
Trong tinh huong viem am dao khong vi viem nhiem thi chi em se duoc khuyen rang han che dung nhung san pham la nguyen do dan toi di ung, kich thich nhu xa phong, chat rua ve sinh, bang ve sinh‿

De van de dieu tri benh viem am dao co hieu qua trong khi lay thuoc, nu gioi can tuan thu theo dung chi dan cua bac si chuyen khoa, khong tu tien mua thuoc ve chua do se khong kho gay ra nhung phan ung phu co hai cho co the‿ chi em phu nu cung can luu y khong dung bia, ruou Trong thoi gian lay thuoc cho toi 72h sau khi su dung thuoc.

cac cach dieu tri benh viem nhiem am dao huu hieu dang duoc khong it phai dep chon lua thuc hienNhung cach chua tri bi viem am dao hieu qua dang duoc nhieu phu nu chon lua tien hanh

dieu tri viem am dao voi nhung bai thuoc dan gian

tai cap tinh cua benh phai dep co the su dung nhung bai thuoc dan gian tu la trau khong, tra xanh, nuoc muoi loang, toi... De giup sat khuan, khang viem cung nhu giam sut bieu hien benh.

tuy nhien, chung chi co cong dung luc chi em mac benh viem am dao kieu nhe. Va phuong phap nay chi coi nhu mot loai nuoc rua am ho co tac dung khang khuan tai vung chu khong chua dut diem thac mac.

Boi vi the, chi em khong nen su dung cach nay ma bo quen nhung giai phap dieu tri khac biet. Dieu nay se khien benh nang ne them. Vi the, chi em can toi cac co so y te chuyen khoa de kiem tra cung voi chua tri som tranh de benh nang gay ra tai bien nguy hiem toi suc khoe.

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